The first computer coding language was created in the 1940s. Today, coding is an integral part of everyday life. Every app on your phone, video you play on YouTube, or email you send uses different coding languages.

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There are many reasons why kids should learn to code, but the most important one is that it’s fun! Coding allows kids to learn a new skill while being creative in unexpected ways.

With so many coding languages, though, it can be hard to figure out where your child should start. That’s why we put together the best kids coding languages so you can decide which one is the best starting place for your child.

List of The Best Coding Languages For Kids

ScratchGraphic interface is fun and easy to useYounger kids who love video gamesEasy
PythonEasy-to-learn syntax that’s also popular and powerfulKids who have a broad interest in technology and how programming worksEasy
JavaScriptVersatile language that is heavily used with websitesKids who are all about making things interactiveEasy
JavaOne of the most commonly taught languages in high school and collegesTeens preparing for AP Computer Science or who love MinecraftEasy
LuaThe languages behind many popular games and apps for kidsKids who are all about gaming, especially if they’re addicted to RobloxEasy
C#Use with the most widely-used operating system in the worldTeens who are all about the Windows operating systemMedium
GoGrowing in popularity thatnks to its ties to GoogleKids who have an interest in web developmentMedium
SwiftThere’s an app dedicated to teaching how to use itKids who love Apple devicesMedium
RubyIt’s the language behind some big websites, including Twitter and KickstarterKids who dream of making the next big shopping or social platformMedium
C/C++Lots of real-world programming applicationsTeens who want to expand their coding language baseMedium

1. Scratch 

If your child already has any interest in coding, odds are they’re at least a little familiar with Scratch. This block-based programming language was created by MIT as a free resource to help teach kids the fundamentals of coding.

Scratch is the easiest code to learn because the visual interface is easy to understand and doesn’t require advanced typing skills. That is why CodeWizardsHQ starts elementary school coding classes with this language. Kids with no programming experience can quickly build a simple game in Scratch. Then they can customize it with different designs, characters, animations, and sounds. 

The other benefit of Scratch is that there are many different Scratch games that your kids can play right now! Scratch lets you remix these existing games to make your own. Working on an existing game can be a great stepping stone to building a new game. 

Scratch Programming for Kids

2. Python 

Python is a text-based programming language that can be used to create webpages, games, software, and much more. When compared to other text-based languages, Python is relatively simple to read and understand. That is why it’s a great option for kids.

Kids who aren’t really creative types might connect more with Python versus the block style of Scratch. Middle school students are at the right age to start their coding journey with Python. It’s also a great programming language for kids who started with Scratch but are ready for more of a challenge.

Python is a powerful language, which is why it is so in demand by employers. It’s also a great stepping stone to other languages. When learning Python, kids will be introduced to coding basics like loops, variables, and lists. This gives them a solid foundation for learning other coding languages in the future. 

Python programming language

Recommended: Python Game Development for Kids

3. JavaScript

If your child really wants to get into programming for the web, JavaScript is the ideal language for them. All the major web browsers use JavaScript. It’s integral in adding increased functionality and interactivity to websites, online games, and apps.

It has a very clear and consistent syntax, making it ideal for beginners. 

JavaScript also teaches kids coding basics like variables, data types, and if else statements that are used in other programming languages. Its continued popularity means the skills your child learns with JavaScript now will continue to serve them well in future careers.

JavaScript Coding Language

Recommended: Ultimate Guide to JavaScript Game Development

4. Java (Minecraft)

Java has been around for decades and is still widely used. But odds are your child is most familiar with it because of Minecraft.

The popular MMO game is run on Java. The players are allowed to modify basically everything about the game, from landscapes to characters and everything in between.

The syntax of Java makes it more stable and easy to maintain than other languages, but it also makes it more difficult to learn. In general, Java is considered best for intermediate students or those who are at least in middle school. It may not be ideal for elementary school students who are learning to code.

Java is also the language that is used for AP Computer Science courses in high school. So, students who are interested in getting this AP credit would do well to learn Java. 

Java Coding Language

5. Lua (Roblox)

Lua is the driving force behind Roblox, which as most parents know, is widely popular with kids. In general, Lua was created to be used in applications, which is why it’s often used with iOS and Android apps and games. In addition to Roblox, other popular games that use Lua include World of Warcraft and Angry Birds.

Lua uses a simple text-based syntax that is easy for beginners to learn and start using. If your child’s interest in coding is all about wanting to make their own games, Lua is a great place to start. 

Lua For Kids